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Which surface ocean current cools the climate of the western coastline of South America?*
The Gulf Stream and North Atlantic Current modify the climate of northwestern Europe by making the climate*
The cross section below shows two cities, A and B, at different elevations.
Compared to the yearly temperature and precipitation at city B, city A most likely has*
A city located on the coast of North America has warmer winters and cooler summers than a city at the same elevation and latitude located near the center of North America. Which statement best explains the difference between the climates of the two cities?*
The arrows on the map below show the prevailing winds at a midlatitude coastal city.
This city most likely has a climate that is*
The photograph below shows Mt. Kilimanjaro, a volcano in Africa, located near the equator.
Which climate factor is responsible for the snow seen on Mt. Kilimanjaro?*
The cross section below represents a prevailing wind flow that causes different climates on the windward and leeward sides of a mountain range.
Compared to the temperature and moisture of the air rising on the windward side, the temperature and moisture of the air descending at the same altitude on the leeward side will be*
Riverhead, New York, has a smaller average daily temperature range than Elmira, New York, because Riverhead is located*
The graph below shows the yearly air temperature and precipitation of a location on Earth.
This location would be most likely at a latitude of*
Base your answers to questions 10 on the graphs below and on your knowledge of Earth science. The climate graphs represent data for three different locations in North America. Line graphs show the average monthly air temperatures in degrees Fahrenheit (°F). Bar graphs show the average monthly precipitation in inches (in). A circled dot (⊙ ) indicates each location on the maps.
State one reason why the annual temperature range of Calgary, Canada, is greater than the annual temperature range in Sitka, Alaska. *
Base your answers to questions 11 on the generalized climatic moisture map of North America below and on your knowledge of Earth science. Areas are classified as generally dry or generally wet, and then ranked by relative moisture conditions. Glacial and mountain climate areas are also shown on the map. Points A, B, C, D, and E indicate locations on Earth’s surface.
Explain why the climate at location A is more moist than the climate at location B. *
Base your answers to questions 12 on the map in image provided and on your knowledge of Earth science. The map shows an imaginary continent on a planet that has climate conditions similar to Earth. The continent is surrounded by oceans. Points A through D represent locations on the continent.
Identify the primary factor that causes location C to have a colder climate than location D. *
Base your answers to questions 13 on the topographic map of Hawaii in image provided and on your knowledge of Earth science. Points A and B represent surface locations on the island. Land elevations and Pacific Ocean depths are shown in meters.
The average annual air temperature at location A is approximately 77°F, while the average annual air temperature at location B is approximately 55°F. Explain why location B has cooler average temperatures. *
Base your answers to questions 14 on the graph and map below and on your knowledge of Earth science. The average monthly temperatures for Eureka, California, and Omaha, Nebraska, are plotted on the graph. The map indicates the locations of these two cities.
Calculate the rate of change in the average monthly temperature for Omaha during the two-month period between October and December, as shown on the graph. 
Base your answers to questions 15 on the map of Australia below and on your knowledge of Earth science. Points A through D on the map represent locations on the continent.
Explain why location A has a cooler average yearly air temperature than location B. *