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Base your answers to questions 1 on the diagram below, which shows the edge of a continental glacier that is receding. R indicates elongated hills. The ridge of sediments from X to Y represents a landscape feature.
The ridge of sediments from X to Y can best be described as*
The satellite photograph below shows the Mississippi River entering into the Gulf of Mexico. Arrows show the direction of river flow.
This depositional feature in the Gulf of Mexico is best identified as*
Base your answers to questions 3 on the reading passage below and on your knowledge of Earth science.
A roche moutonée is a glacial landscape feature produced as an advancing glacier slides over a hill of surface bedrock. As the glacier advances up the side of the hill, the surface bedrock is abraded and smoothed by rock fragments carried within the base of the glacial ice, creating a more gentle hillslope. As the glacier advances down the opposite side of the hill, chunks of bedrock are broken off and removed by the ice, a process called glacial quarrying (plucking), making this side of the hill steeper. The resulting hill resembles a drumlin, except it is often smaller and is composed of solid bedrock.
A drumlin differs from a roche moutonée because a drumlin is*
Which diagram best represents sediments with the greatest degree of sorting by size?*
The photograph below shows a depositional feature located near the shore of Texas. Letter X represents a location on this feature.
On which depositional feature is location X found?*
Pieces of bedrock material that are broken from a cliff and deposited by a landslide at the base of the cliff are best described as*
An elongated hill that is composed of unsorted sediments deposited by a glacier is called*
When wind and running water gradually decrease in velocity, the transported sediments are deposited*
The cross section below represents two types of sorted-sand depositional features found at a coastal location.
Which table correctly pairs these depositional features with the agents of erosion that formed them?*
Base your answers to questions 10 on the diagram and tables below. The diagram shows a rock sample containing fossils from a location in New York State at 42° N 78° 15⬘ W. Fossils 1, 2, 3, and 4 are labeled. Table A lists the names and rock types of the New York State rock units from the Middle and Late Devonian in this area. The presence of fossil 1, 2, 3, or 4 in a rock unit is indicated by an X in the fossils column in the table. Table B identifies typical rocks formed within different marine (ocean) environments.
On the map in the image provided, place an X at the location where this rock sample was collected. 
Base your answers to questions 11 on the photograph below and on your knowledge of Earth science. The photograph shows a glacier located in the Chugach Mountains of Alaska. Letter A indicates a moraine. The glacier previously flowed down the entire valley. The lower portion of this valley is now occupied by a stream. Letter B represents a location within the stream.
Describe the arrangement of sediments found within the moraine indicated by letter A. *
Base your answers to questions 12 on the map below and on your knowledge of Earth science. The map shows a river and a depositional feature at an ocean shoreline. Point A indicates a location on Earth’s surface.
Identify the name of the depositional feature surrounding location A that is forming where the river enters the ocean. *
Base your answers to questions 13 on the diagram below, which shows several different landscape features. Points X and Y indicate locations on the streambank.
Identify which point, X or Y, has more stream erosion and explain why the amounts of erosion are different. 
Base your answers to questions 14 on the maps below. The southwest corner of the New York State map below is enlarged in maps I, II, and III. Arrows on maps I, II, and III show the location and direction of flow for part of the Allegheny River at different times during the Cenozoic Era. The present boundaries of New York State and Lake Erie are shown on each map. Point A on map III represents a location in New York State.
Identify the present-day feature that prevents the Allegheny River from returning to its earlier (Neogene) direction of flow to the northwest. *
Base your answers to questions 15 on the cross section below and on your knowledge of Earth science. The cross section represents a portion of Earth’s crust. Letters A, B, C, and D indicate sedimentary rock layers that were originally formed from deposits in a sea. The rock layers have not been overturned.
Describe one piece of evidence that suggests that rock layer C formed in a deeper sea environment than did rock layer A. *